Monday, 3 November 2014

Who Should Opt for Surrogacy?

1. In Vitro Fertilisation IVF in Raipur

When a woman fails to conceive a baby due to some reasons, she requires the help of another woman, who carries her baby in her uterus through the process called surrogacy. The carrier woman is known as a surrogate and she has to undergo In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) in order to place the fertilized egg into the surrogate's uterus. Before opting for surrogacy in India, couples are screened for,

a) Congenital absence of uterus (Mullerian agenesis)

b) Surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) due to cancer, severe hemorrhage in Caesarian section or a ruptured uterus.

2. A woman whose uterus is malformed (unicornuate uterus, T shaped uterus, bicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn) or damaged uterus (T.B of the endometrium, severe Asherman’s Syndrome) or at high risk of rupture, (previous uterine surgeries for rupture uterus or fibroid uterus) and is unable to carry pregnancy to term can also be recommended IVF surrogacy.

3. Women who have repeated miscarriages or have repeated failed IVF cycles may be advised IVF surrogacy in view of unexplained factors which could be responsible for failed implantation and early pregnancy wastage.

4. Women who suffer from medical problems like diabetes, cardio-vascular disorders, or kidney diseases like chronic nephritis, whose long term prospect for health is good but pregnancy would be life threatening.

5. Woman with Rh incompatibility.

Is Surrogacy for you?

For some couples opting for surrogacy is a very straight forward decision, while, for others there are lots of things to be considered and thought about before taking the decision. There are lots of complex issues involved. It is an emotional roller coaster ride for the couple, the families and friends. It is a decision where the 'right' and the 'wrong' are very individual things. An infertility specialist or a counselor can help the couple seeing things in the right perspective. Other options such as, adoption or further infertility treatment can also be considered.

Traditional Surrogacy

1. Sometimes, the intended mother fail to produce mature eggs, that is, ovaries do not produce normal follicles due to ovulatory dysfunction. In such situations, the IUI procedure is followed on surrogate mother. In this procedure, the infertility specialist will transfer sperm that is taken from the biological father and will subsequently transfer that sperm into the surrogate's uterus so that fertilization may take place naturally.

2. A traditional surrogate will undergo insemination at the time of her natural ovulation, occasionally necessitating medication prescribed by her doctor to make sure that she does ovulate.

3. The child will have a genetic link to his father, since the father's sperm was used in creating the baby. There is no genetic link to the intended mother; which is a primary difference between traditional and gestational surrogacy.

4. Therefore, with traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is also the biological mother of the child. This type of surrogacy is typically only used if the biological mother's egg and/or the biological father's sperm are unable to be used.

5. Generally, people over the age of 50 or women who are unable to use their own eggs use traditional surrogacy since the option frees the intended parents from age-related limitations.

In gestational surrogacy, the egg and sperm of the intended parents are used to form an embryo through a process called in vitro fertilization and later it is transferred in surrogate’s uterus to carry it for pregnancy. In most of the cases, it will take between three and five days for the embryos to develop in the laboratory prior to transferring them to the surrogate. Then, once the embryo has successfully been placed into the surrogate's uterus, the surrogate will carry the embryo through the pregnancy term until its birth.

1. With gestational surrogacy, the surrogate's eggs are not used at all. Therefore, the child will not be related to the surrogate biologically.

2. It allows a couple to have a biologically related child by using a surrogate as the carrier for the couple's embryo.

3. The aid of a gestational surrogate is needed when a woman is unable to conceive naturally or through fertility treatments.

4. This option is explored after fertility drugs or in-vitro fertilization have proven unsuccessful, or if either party has irregularities in their reproductive organs that complicate conception.

5. The rate of success when using in vitro fertilization will depend upon several factors such as the age and health of the biological mother who is providing the eggs.

6. The process of gestational surrogacy can take several years including the amount of time to find an adequate surrogate, extraction of viable eggs and sperm can take several weeks from intended parents, preparation of surrogate for pregnancy with a hormone regimen that can take several months, implanting the embryos and additional nine months for the gestational surrogate to carry the baby.

Dr Neeraj Pahlajani

Obstetrician & IVF Specialist
(MS, DNB, FMAS, DRM - Germany)
MBBS - Lady Harding Medical College - New Delhi
MS - Obstetrics and Gynecology (PGI - Rohtak)
DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology
FMAS - World Association of Laparoscopic Surgeons
DRM - Diploma in Reproductive Medicine (Germany)
Fellow in IVF & Embryology – (USA)
Pahlajani Test Tube Baby Centre
(Mata Laxmi Nursing Home)
Anupam Nagar, Near T.V. Tower, Raipur (Chhattisgarh) India
Phone:  +91- 771- 4052967, +91- 771- 4053285 Mobile:  +91- 9770997645, +91- 9329630455
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